How Is Make Up Made
Many of us use makeup on a daily basis and have probably wondered how it is actually made. The cosmetic industry is arguably one of the biggest and most profitable industries in the US, with sales averaging $35 billion per year for products such as lipstick, foundation, mascara, and others. However, in recent years, the cosmetic industry has seen numerous changes in terms of regulations.
In an effort to curb the presence of toxic substances such as lead and mercury in cosmetic products sold within the US, the Food and Drug Administration has been mandated with regulating how cosmetics are made. With this in mind, you might be asking, what’s the process of making good makeup then?
When customers invest in cosmetic products they expect to see consistent results. The last thing anyone wants is to have a lipstick whose last few bits have a completely different colour and texture from when it was initially purchased or a mascara that runs and doesn’t look fresh after a few applications.
Makeup products are and should be specially formulated to ensure customer expectations in terms of quality are met. Cosmetic manufacturing companies often invest in state-of-the-art equipment to ensure that their products are safe, balanced, and appealing with a good consistency, colour and scent. These companies also strive to ensure that their products don’t go bad quickly.
How Foundation is Made
Foundation is one of the cosmetic products that’s quite tricky to get right. Liquid foundation is the most commonly available type nowadays. To make this product, oil and pigment are used as the main ingredients with some fragrance added in to make the product more appealing. It is crucial that all the ingredients mix and blend well to ensure that the foundation goes smoothly onto the skin and to keep the users’ skin from looking greasy and unappealing.
To ensure all this, companies that manufacture foundation products make use of highly calibrated industrial equipment to ensure consistency in texture and quality of product throughout the production line. These companies utilize high-end technologies such as submicron processing to make sure that the product always comes out right and that the various ingredients used are reduced to extremely tiny particles that become indistinguishable once everything is mixed all up.
One company that is well known for its high quality cosmetic products is Quadro Liquids. This company utilizes mixing machines that consistently produce top quality cosmetic products. They achieve this by:
- Hydrating thickening agents
- Disintegrating all solids present in the mix
- Producing a stable emulsion
- Completely dissolving powdered ingredients
- Blending up liquid ingredients to achieve an ideal viscosity
- Mixing stabilisers and thickeners
All of these processes are carried out in a hygienic, meticulously controlled, and consistently reproducible environment to
ensure the health and safety of the end user of the product.
How Mascara is Made
This is yet another product that quite difficult to get right. Considering the fact that the product is meant to be applied to the eyes, it understandably requires special care and attention. In some countries, manufacturers are allowed to use coal, tar, as well as other potentially harmful and toxic substances to achieve the all-so popular jet-black colour. But in the US, manufacturers are required to use safer products.
While there are many different formulas that can be used in the making of mascara, the general formula includes water, oil, wax or pigment but these shouldn’t irritable to the eyes. Given that water and oil typically don’t mix, top makeup manufacturers make use of sophisticated techniques using a high viscosity pump to achieve a desirable stable emulsion with a smooth blend of water and oil where they are uniformly dispersed.
Other Makeup Products
Lipstick is typically made of oils, waxes, and other pigments treated with preservatives and antioxidants to prevent spoilage once they are opened. There are many FDA-approved pigments available on the market. Given the potential of lipstick traces being ingested, this product is strictly regulated. Companies are categorically required to use non-toxic ingredients.
To ensure that the end product applies smoothly, stays on, and possesses a consistent and stable texture, companies use mixing equipment from brands such as Flux Pumps to blend the ingredients together. Cochineal is perhaps the most widely used pigment, but there are many others available.